There are children with bright, intelligent minds who are failing because they have dyslexia. Casts and crutches are not in evidence, but the learning disability’s effects can be every bit as devastating as those of a physical challenge. An estimated 10 percent of the population has difficulty with symbols of written language, including reading, reading comprehension, writing and spelling. Without help to overcome this disability, these children will lose their self-esteem, often drop out of school and, ultimately, fail to realize their full potential.
Characteristics of Dyslexia
- Lack of awareness of sounds in words – sound order, rhymes, or sequence of syllables.
- Difficulty decoding words – single word identification.
- Difficulty encoding words – spelling
- Poor sequencing of numbers, of letters in words, when read or written, e.g.: b-d, sing-sign, left-felt, 12-21.
- Problems with reading comprehension.
- Difficulty expressing thoughts in written form.
- Delayed spoken language.
- Imprecise or incomplete interpretation of language that is heard.
- Confusion about directions in space or time (right and left, up and down, early and late).
- Difficulty with handwriting.
- Difficulty in mathematics – often related to sequencing of steps.
- Problem may be hereditary